On the east side of the Row, and at some distance from the little circle, is a Tumulus which has been opened, and on the western side there is another enclosed by two concentric circles of stones, which appears to have been unexplored.
About a mile to the north of this is a large circle of upright stones, with a row of smaller ones running from it in a north easterly direction to the distance of two and an eighth miles, and crossing the Erme, ends at Green Hill in the parish of Lydford.
A smaller circle of upright stones, with a fine row attached, lies on a ridge to the west of Cholwich Town, but from both circle and row some stones have been taken for repairing walls on the adjoining land.
On the southwestern slope of Pen Moor there are two cairns, one of which has a short row of stones connected with it and the other is surrounded by a circle.
There is another cairn towards the eastern end of Staldon ridge. Here it was that, at the time when Napoleon was threatening a landing on the coast, a mason called Jose Hillson took refuge and made his abode among the boulders forming it: hence it is shown as 'Hillson's House' on the Ordnance map.
He was not singular in his fears of the hated Napoleon, for at that time, all the farmers having rights of pasture on the moor, made preparation for driving their cattle on one day, their sheep on another, and their ponies on a third to more distant recesses.
In a letter still existing, written by the Rev. Duke Yonge, Vicar of Cornwood, to his brother in law in Northamptonshire, he speaks of the desirability of sending his wife and certain valuables to him for safety, and suggested that his home would be especially safe as being near the Arsenal of Weedon.
There are substantial remains of a kistvaen, and a circle of stones surrounding it, in the eastern part of Hawns Waste, a few yards from the east side of the wall dividing the Blachford portion from that belonging to Slade, and on other parts of the Moor there are several, some of which have been investigated, while others, still unexamined, give promise of yielding valuable information to the explorer.
On the left bank of a small tributary of the Erme there is a Beehive Hut, about three quarters of a mile from the large circle already mentioned.
Above Yealm Steps on the right bank of the Yealm and on the left bank below, are the remains of smelting houses, known in the west as 'blowing' houses, with their granite moulds, into which the molten tin, obtained from the surrounding Moor by 'streaming', was cast. There are indications of much low lying land in the valleys having been streamed for tin.
In connection with this subject it is interesting to note that in 1879, while a meadow in the Slade Valley was being drained, an ingot of tin, resembling in shape the moulds mentioned above, was found about three feet under the surface. This was presented by Mr. J. D. Pode, of Slade, to the Athenaeum Museum in Plymouth.
Of crosses, many of which are to be seen on the Moor and neighbouring lands, only the remains of three have been found in the parish. one is now utilized as a gate post in the lane leading to the old home of the Cholwich family, another is in the courtyard of that house, while a third, singularly unfinished at it's back, is used as a gatepost at Hanger, but all these have suffered injury, probably at the hands of those who occupied the adjacent lands.
There are numerous hut circles on the Moor, notably those lying between the Beehive Hut and the large circle already mentioned, and there are a great number enclosed in pounds on the side of a small valley to the east of Yealm Steps.
The earliest instance of human industry to which an approximate date can be put is that of the Fardel Stone. This, like others, the majority of which have been found in Ireland, is considered to be as early as the middle of the 5th century.
It bears on it's face, according to Sir Edward Smirke, deputy warden of the Stannaries, a well known antiquarian, the word Sagranus, or perhaps Sagranvi, and on it's back Fanoni Maqvirini, while other authorities such as Dr. Browne, sometime Professor of Art and Archaeology at Cambridge, afterwards Bishop of Bristol, read very slight variations of these words.
The special interest in this stone lies in the Ogam characters on its edges, which are considered to be equivalent to the Latin inscription.
It may be of interest to mention the theory, supported by Bishop Browne, that the Ogam characters represent finger signs, used by the Druids when communicating with one another in the presence of the uninitiated.
The Rev. Samuel Pearse, of Cadleigh, found it forming part of a culvert over a stream crossing the Ivy Bridge road on it's way to Fardel, and there is an interesting letter from him, dated 25th August, 1860, in which he describes himself as an octogenarian and says that when he was a boy he saw the stone constantly as he passed along the road and puzzled over it.
In later times, in conjunction with Mr. Cotton, of Highlands, founder of the Cotonian Library, he spent many days trying to discover the meaning of the inscription, and though he failed, he succeeded in inducing Captain Pode, of Slade, Lord of the Manor of Fardel, to place it in safety, and ultimately to present it to the British Museum.